Archive | 1:39 PM

Narrowing Career Options

16 Oct

First a list of possible veterinary replacements.  First thing, I need to see how these translate to job (and pay).  Then, I need to write if they are related to my undergrad degrees and experiences.  Third, I need to look at locations of schools.  Before anything else, I need to check out prerequisite GPA and GRE scores.  Then, find out how competitive, number of students vs. graduates.

Agricultural Science:  30% work in gov. sector.  Encompasses food science, animal science, soil science.  Back to food science and animal science categories then!


Aquaculture:  Fish farming.  Examples of specific job titles for those in aquaculture careers include: Farm Manager or Owner, Consulting, Fish Farm Technician, Marine Biology, Water quality monitoring, Equipment manufacturing, Biology conservation, Processing, Algologists, Biomedical research, Environmental monitoring, Education and Training, Fisheries conservation, employment at an aquarium and of course, employment at the zoo.  Oh, I guess I thought this was something else.  Not very interested. . .

Audiology:  Work with people who have hearing, balance, and related ear problems. They examine individuals of all ages and identify those with the symptoms of hearing loss and other auditory, balance, and related sensory and neural problems. Audiologists should be able to effectively communicate diagnostic test results, diagnoses, and proposed treatments in a manner easily understood by their patients. They must be able to approach problems objectively and provide support to patients and their families. Because a patient’s progress may be slow, patience, compassion, and good listening skills are necessary.  Most full-time audiologists work about 40 hours per week, which may include weekends and evenings.  They then assess the nature and extent of the problems and help the individuals manage them.  May spend a substantial amount of time traveling between facilities. The doctoral degree in audiology is a graduate program typically lasting 4 years and resulting in the Au.D. designation.   Median annual salary for audiologists with a clinical doctorate was $70,000.  For those with research doctorates, the median annual salary was $96,097. For an audiologist with one to three years of experience, the median starting annual salary was $60,000.  Job prospects will be favorable for those possessing the Au.D. degree.


Author:  No money until you get famous.


Chef (baker?):  Go to culinary school.  2 AM to noon is a common schedule.  Physically demanding.  Can work for a company or own your own business.  Salary and job opportunities vary with location.  $30,000 to $70,000 (executive chef in Las Vegas).  Talent may outweigh education.

Dietetics:  Dietitians promote health, prevent disease and shape the food choices and dietary habits of patients and the public. They combine extensive scientific knowledge of food, nutrition, biochemistry, physiology and management with the behavioral and social sciences to perform their work.  Dietitians are employed in health care, education, research, business and industry and private practice settings.  registered dietitian salaries ranged from $42,000 to $65,000.

Editor:  publishing and desktop publishing, sales and marketing, manufacturing, government and education. Editors can be specialists who, for example, edit only scientific or medical documents.  An editor must not only be proficient in grammar, spelling and composition, but also have the ability to visualize the end product while focusing on and remembering details, think logically and exercise good judgment, reorganize a document to achieve clarity and momentum, recognize what’s missing in a passage, use a wide range of reference materials, work within deadlines, keep an eye on the budget and work well with the many other people who are a part of the publication process.  People pursue careers in editing from many different starting points. Some study professional writing, communications or journalism in university, and move right into full-time editing careers. Others work in completely unrelated fields, and then, their interest piqued, combine that experience with an education in editing to move into new positions.  In the past, there were few formal training programs for editors, so most employers valued experience and reputation.  Significant numbers of people who want to become editors today are graduates of in-depth editing and publishing programs taught by respected instructors who provide conscientious feedback.  Choosing between freelance (self-employed) and in-house (part- or full-time) editing work comes down to two key questions: “How important is a regular paycheque?” and “How important is control over your schedule?”  A freelance editor’s flexible schedule can be ideal for night owls and parents of young children. Freelance editors can also choose their colleagues and clients, to a degree. They can also focus on marketing their services to industries they are interested in.  Since freelance editors generate their income from a variety of employers (as independent contractors) rather than earning a consistent salary from just one, they may have to cope with a variable sales cycle and fluctuating annual income. Whereas an in-house editor’s income is fixed except for annual raises, freelancers can choose to seek out higher-paying clients and/or work longer hours.  Editors who work in-house generally know what their schedule and pay will be every month. Many (but not all) work regular business hours, although the workload varies with the type of job they have.  There has been a marked increase in demand for freelance editing because of the blossoming of technology used in publishing and the changing marketplace. Today, CEOs often see hiring an independent contractor as an economical alternative to hiring full-time staff.  The average income reported was approximately $48,500, with at least two weeks’ vacation.

Exercise & Sports Science:

  • Exercise Physiology- The study of the integration of the body systems in performance of exercise, work, and sport activities. Performance of exercise activities by the human body under environment and/or stress situations. Research focuses on the scientific basis for the use of exercise in preventing disease and/or improving performance, exercise metabolism, pediatric aspects of exercise, strength, performance enhancement (based on environment, training, nutrition, etc.), hypertension, prevention, and orthopedic rehabilitation.

Food Critic:  No clear path, school, degree.  May work freelance with a portfolio of writings.  Can work for publification such as news paper or food magazine.  Salary expectation is about $43 thousand.

Food Science-Right next door to the field I’m educated for–Animal Science.  They study crops and animals to improve quality and quantity.  Fast growth in field, especially in biotechnology.  Research at universities and government positions (which in this economy are not hiring).

Gastronomy (molecular)/Culinology:  The application of scientific principles to the understanding and improvement of small scale food preparation. You can work in research and development, as a food engineer, looking after the needs of chain restaurants, the quality and safety of processed food for retail sale; join a company involved in food processing, food machinery, packaging or ingredient manufacturing; find new ways to improve the quality or the shelf life of food; or work for consulting firms, government agencies, pharmaceutical, and health-care firms, who also require food engineers.  $45,000-100,000 per yr.  Schools are in:  CA, IL, IN, LA, (Clemson) SC, (Amhurst) MA, MN, MS,  NE, NJ, OH.  

Human Nutrition:  Nutritionist is a lower tier than dietetic.  Masters and doctorates are preferred.

Marine Science/Biology-highly competitive.  Marine Biologists specializing in marine mammals have very limited funding.  They study tissue sample of dead and dying animals.  Most career options involving live, healthy marine mammals are conservation groups, aquariums, and zoo (non-profit).  VERY competitive.

Publishing:  You can work for a large company, but they base hiring on experience.  Networking is imperative–oops–I’m not very good at that.  The current situation is difficult for some freelancers.

  • Economic contraction has caused some publishers to reduce their title counts—trying to publish smarter, not harder.
  • Everyone is still recovering from the massive publishing layoffs in December 2009.
  • Publishers are keeping more work in-house and asking for more productivity from employees—especially in the third and fourth quarters of the year.
  • Nonfiction book sales are declining overall because people can get “good enough” information online for free.
  • People who have had a steady gig with one publisher are suddenly finding themselves without work.
  • Employment for editors, writers, and authors is expected to rise by 8% by 2018; however, competition for these jobs is expected to be fierce

Social Science:  Careers:Criminologist, Community Organizer, Corrections Officer, Market Research Analyst, Statistician, Opinion Pollster, Management Trainee, Federal, State, and Local Government, Industrial Sociologist, Child Welfare, Case Worker, Demographer.  Employers: Schools and Colleges, Governmental Agencies, Mental Health Agencies, Court System, Welfare Agencies, Large Corporations, Community Agencies, Financial Institutions.  Not really what I thought it was.

Sports Nutrition:  Difficult and competitive to find jobs.  Need to know someone in the sports world and be lucky.

Women’s Studies:  Universities and teaching, social work, women’s centers, lawyer, history (women’s), non-profit organizations.  OK, nothing very economically viable for me, or in the case of law–of interest to me.




Zoology:  It looks like most jobs are in university settings, government, or non-profit organizations.  Meaning, in this economy, low prospects upon graduation.