Vet School Interview (Zoonosis)

3 Dec

Zoonotic Diseases, those which can be transmitted from animals to humans and/or back, are an important public health concern.  As a veterinarian, it is important to educate owners about prevention of zoonotic disease.  Suggest appropriate vaccines and other precautionary methods.  Inform that immunocompromised individuals (children, elderly, ill) are at a higher risk.  Follow common sanitation and preventative care guidelines.  Report compromises (ie suspected rabies) to the proper authorities.

An abridged list of common zoonotic illnesses, common source of disease, and symptoms:

1.  Brucellosis:  from unpasturized milk

-nearly eliminated from U.S. cattle

–present in free range elk & bison (Yellowstone area)

2.  Giardia:  causes diarrhea

3.  Leptospirosis:  from urine

pond water

4.  Lyme Disease:  from ticks

5.  rabies:  Highly regulated federally

6.  Ringworm:  causes circular rash

7.  Salmonellosis:  from improperly cooked food; causes GI upset

8.  Tapeworms:  from fecal-oral route

 9.  Toxoplasmosis primarily from under-cooked pork; litter-box commonly implicated.

10.  West Nile Virus:  from mosquito; horses commonly affected

 

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