Thermal balance: Rectal temperatures, Tail-head temperatures, Shoulder temperatures, Hip temperatures, Respiration rate
Scoop feed from the floor, Weigh leftover feed, Sweep and hose floor, Put in new feed, Wash used containers
Scrape dirty bedding, Hose off under cows, Put down fresh soy hulls
Sanitize milking equipment, Assemble milking equipment, Clean behind cows, Dip teats, Strip, Clean excess dirt off udder, Attach milker, Trade full buckets, Dip teats, Weigh milk, Dump milk, Wash milking equipment, Clean behind cows
Importance of sanitation, Bovine behavior, Mastitis, Milking procedure, Research procedure, Hard hours- 4am and 12:30am
Down Under Diner-
Register, Hand out food, Make food, Clean back, Inventory
People skills, Teamwork, Mental math, Sanitation, Food preparation, Heavy lifting, Deciphering patterns of speech, Accents, Soft voices
Equine Medical Services
6 barns, 72 stalls, 6 vets
Empty water buckets, Fill water buckets Treat horses, Give horses grain, Give horses hay
Clean stalls, Shovel bedding, Sweep bedding, Leaf blow the barns
Catch horses, Load horses into trailers, Walk horses to paddocks
Clean breeding counter, stall, etc. . ., Sweep concrete pads, Clean manure out of catch and round pens, Wash water buckets, Wash water trough in paddocks, Wash stall walls, Put mineral buckets out, Pull weeds, Unload hay
Team work, Physical labor (heavy lifting), Working outside in the heat, Equine behavior, Operating machinery (tractor, etc. . .)
4-30-05 to 5-1-05
6 hours total
West Nile Virus
Eastern & Western Equine Encephalitis
Coggins (Equine Infectious Anemia)
Dr. Safranski took us to Fishers Hog Farm for 6 hours
4-31-05 to 5-1-05
Dr. Terry and Greg took me to Washington, MO to Bob and Dottie Brinker’s swine farm for 8 hours.
Boars- landrace + 1 duroc
White + black = white
White + Red = white
Black + red = combo
Boars are separate and outside w/an overhead enclosure. There were 10 of them, changed every 3 years. The outside enclosures do not have to be cleaned. The waste goes down the hill to the lagoon. The males breed the gilts when they are in heat. Bob keeps track of which female each breeds, so the young can be ear-tagged appropriately.
Gilts are next door to the boars Gilts are bred 3 times a year. When she is bred the 1st time, a red mark is put on her back. After the 2nd time, another red mark is added. A green mark is added the 3rd mating and she is finished.
3 month olds are kept next to the breeding gilts outside. 1st generation females are kept back to breed. Before they are shipped off, they are blood tested (by direct vena cava stick/eye stick) for brucillosis and rabies.
Older sows are kept outside and have the triangle house to raise their young. These girls were not mean or aggressive, as I had thought. Pigs can’t sweat, they have to pant to keep cool. ventilation is very important.
3 week old pigs are kept in a building of 10 pens of about 20 pigs to a pen.
Fair pigs are kept in this area. Kids from 8 to 19 can raise a pig and take it to the fair. If the kid gets a blue ribbon, they can sell their pork. They can make $11,000 if they sell pork every year they are eligible.
The farrowing pens are in another building. The sows are kept in farrowing pens where they can’t turn around, so they won’t lay on their piglets. There were 24 pens, each holding 1 sow. Three of the sows had already farrowed and their 2-day-olds were nursing. Piglets pick one nipple and use it the entire time they nurse. Good mothers have a good underline with at least 6 healthy nipples on each side. If pigs have a good underline they are kept even if they don’t produce many pigs. The piglets are swapped around so each litter is more even.
When pigs are born, their needle teeth are trimmed so they don’t bite each other or their mother’s nipples. Their tails are also trimmed so they are not bitten off. After 2 weeks, the males are castrated. The farm averages 11.7 pigs per litter, with the largest litter being 26 pigs.
Erriciphulus, mycoplasma pneumonia
This is all my experience. I would like to get as much as possible in the essay, but must hit the high points for the space I have. Can you help me pick the most important aspects out of this to put in the actual paper?
With Dr. Hulme, I was in charge of cleaning the exam tables, kennels, and the facilities. I also cared for animals by walking dogs and feeding. I aided the veterinarian by restraining animals, and held instruments such as the otiscope, for the doctor. I learned how to autoclave the surgery instruments, count and label medication, answer the phone, and write information in files. I observed dental cleanings, declaws, spays and neuters, and euthanasia.
I did everything for Dr. Minor that I had done for Dr. Hulme as well as some added jobs. I assisted with radiographs, eventually learning how to set our machine without measurements (we didn’t have any) and learned to develop the radiographs in our dip tank. I ran urinalysis and fecal floats, filled prescriptions, and performed pre-surgery blood panels. I also administered subcutaneous fluids, and glued due-claw removals. I learned how to prep for surgery as well as monitor anesthetic. I assisted with minor procedures (held puss pockets in pyometra surgery, injected atropine during a colonectomy, helped twist a rod in place during an orthopedic surgery). I was able to perform a prophy, helped drain an abscess, and was able to put a skin suture in my own cat’s abdomen after her spay. I observed third eyelid removal, pyometra, unblocking of feline urinary tract, a broken jaw wired together, tail amputation, and a blood transfusion.
Noah’s Ark Animal Hospital, hired me January of 2004. It is a four veterinarian small animal practice that also specializes in pocket pets and birds. I have some added responsibilities such as daily treatments (giving pills, oral liquids, and injectables, as well as force feeding). I also run diagnostics including gram stains, answer the phone, book appointments and boarding, and check clients in and out. I empty anal glands, do nail trims, draw blood for glucose curves, and generally help out where I am needed. I have been able to gain experience with small more exotic pets as well as with dogs and cats. I have force fed a chinchilla, trimmed bird nails and wings, restrained small and large birds, force fed ferrets, gave a turtle a baytril injection, and force fed a snake a pinky. I have observed Bulldog A.I., ultrasounds, and cesarean-sections.
I spent six hours one Saturday helping Dr. Terry Chapman vaccinate and Coggins test some horses. She vaccinated the horses for West Nile Virus, Eastern & Western Equine Encephalitis, and Influenza (tuberculosis). The Coggins test requires that about 3 mL of blood is taken to analyze for Equine Infectious Anemia. I was able to actually pull the blood and vaccinate most of the horses we worked with that day.
I got a part-time job at Equine Medical Services this summer. My main responsibilities are cleaning stalls, bedding, feeding, watering, and medicating (oral and on feed) the horses. I have helped unload and load hoses in the trailers, catch horses for their pregnancy checks, and walk horses to paddocks. I also help clean the six barns and maintain the facilities.
One of the grad students, Julie, hired me to care for dairy cattle being used for heat stress research, in the latter part of 2003. Rectal, tail-head, shoulder, and hip temperatures as well as the respiration rate of 18 cows had to be taken four times a day. We milked the cows at 4 am and 4pm every day, which entailed sanitizing the milking equipment, milking, and re-sanitizing the milking equipment. I also helped feed and bed the animals and clean their stalls. Since it was a research project meticulous recorded on the cows had to be kept. The temperatures and respiration rates were recorded as well as the feed intake and output of each cow. I drew blood from under a cow’s tail and observed a biopsy while I was working with the project.
Dr. Greg and Terry Chapman took me to Washington, MO for 8 hours one Saturday, to see their friends Bob and Dottie Brinker who have a hog farm. I learned about the daily responsibilities of running a swine operation by walking around the farm for eight hours. During my visit, Bob told me about the necessary vaccinations, breeding procedure, and swine flow through the facility.
Dr. Sharp, our relief doctor, took me to his other job at Sierra Biomedical (Charles River Laboratories, Sparkes, NV), a research facility. For 8 hours I was able to follow Dr. Sharp on his rounds. He checked the feces of Cynomologus macaqus, Recess, and Marmosets to check for gastrointestinal problems. He changed food and prescribed medication as necessary. He also looked for gross lesions and possible research-ending health problems by the groups. I was even able to remove sutures from a monkey as Dr. Sharp held it. At the end of the day, I got to go into the common area and feed the monkeys graham crackers. It was extremely interesting to see the higharchy in the different cages.
I observed Dr. Minor working with wolves. I went and saw her vaccinate many wolves, and when one of the female wolves was very sick, she came to the veterinary hospital for two weeks. We gave the wolf supportive care and eventually euthanized her.
I was able to volunteer with Deb T at D-D Animal Sanctuary, where I bottle-fed a calf, swept out a tiger enclosure and a cougar enclosure, carried bales of hay across a field, and put straw on the floor of enclosures.
Dr. Minor, who became my mentor, gave me the resources to find the answers to many of my questions. I shadowed, volunteered, and worked for Dr. Minor from 2000 to 2003. I watched her meticulously examine every animal from nose to toes, educate and relate to the pet owners, and learned of techniques for balancing running a business and seeing animals. One of the most important things I learned was that a veterinarian has to be able to be flexible. Work ran into lunch-time, after closing time, and into the weekends a majority of the time.
During my stint as a volunteer at veterinary hospitals I was able to work with different veterinarians. I noted their different bedside manners, business sense, and surgery skills. Seeing all six different vets day in and day out helped me decide what kind of things I wanted to do as a veterinarian, how to best run a business, deal with people appropriately, and it allowed me to see there are different styles of veterinary medicine, even in the same field. Community service taught me how to be an empathetic, caring, and responsible member of society. The community service I have preformed at the veterinary hospital helped prepare me for college and will assist me in veterinary school and my career as a veterinarian.