Vocabulary & Sources [TNR-Trap, Neuter, Re-Abandon]

27 Jul

There is quite a bit of lingo to cover before we talk about how TNR started, what it’s mission is, if it’s implemented correctly, if it is working, and if it’s ethical. Many of these words are subjective, and carry a lot of emotion, so I tried to find legitimate sources for each word/concept I try to define here. Still, there will be disagreement that all of these are accurate to every group. I’ll do some discussion about that in the next post. Also, this page contains ALL sources for my entire research paper.

Definitions:

Abandonment-

Animal Abandonment Law and Legal Definition

Animal abandonment means leaving behind an animal alone or permitting the animal to be abandoned in circumstances which might cause harm to the animal. 

6) https://definitions.uslegal.com/a/animal-neglect/

Compassion-

a feeling of deep sympathy and sorrow for another who is stricken by misfortune, accompanied by a strong desire to alleviate the suffering.

8) https://www.dictionary.com/browse/compassion

Dumping-

Synonyms for dumping

12) https://www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus/dumping

Ethical-

Ethics is a system of moral principles. They affect how people make decisions and lead their lives.  Ethics is concerned with what is good for individuals and society and is also described as moral philosophy.

Many people want there to be a single right answer to ethical questions. They find moral ambiguity hard to live with because they genuinely want to do the ‘right’ thing, and even if they can’t work out what that right thing is, they like the idea that ‘somewhere’ there is one right answer.  But often there isn’t one right answer – there may be several right answers, or just some least worst answers – and the individual must choose between them.  For others moral ambiguity is difficult because it forces them to take responsibility for their own choices and actions, rather than falling back on convenient rules and customs.

9) https://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/introduction/intro_1.shtml

Feral- 

 A] feral cats have had very limited (or no) interactions with humans and have reverted to a wild state.

3) http://www.fureverhomeadoptioncenter.com/furever-home-

blog/stray-vs-feral-cats-what-you-need-to-know

B] A feral cat is proposed by this study to be a cat that is unapproachable in its free-roaming environment and is capable of surviving with or without direct human intervention, and may additionally show fearful or defensive behaviour on human contact.

4) https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23966002/#:~:text=

PROPOSED%20DEFINITION%3A%20A%20feral%20cat,defensive%20

behaviour%20on%20human%20contact.

Habituation- 

As cats develop, there are numerous stimuli (sounds, smells, sights, and events) that, when they are unfamiliar, can lead to fear and anxiety. Habituation is the process of getting used to and not reacting to those stimuli by continuous exposure under circumstances that have no untoward consequences.

5) https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-

pet/socialization-and-fear-prevention-in-kittens

Humane-

Synonyms for humane

Words Related to humane

12) https://www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus/humane

Localization-

Localization is the process during which the kitten develops attachment to particular places.

5) https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-

pet/socialization-and-fear-prevention-in-kittens

Natural attrition- 

A] a gradual reduction in the number of people who work for an organization that is achieved by not replacing those who leave

14) https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/attrition

B] A euphemism for natural death or death caused by old age.

Neglect-

Animal Neglect Law and Legal Definition

Animal neglect or abandonment is a common type of animal cruelty where people do not provide adequate care for animals in their charge. The neglected animal may be their own pet, a farm animal, or wildlife. A neglected animal is not provided with proper food, water, veterinary care, shelter and socialization. . .  Neglect may be deliberate abuse or simply a failure to take care of an animal. 

All U.S. states have animal cruelty laws, and 46 states and District of Columbia treat some forms of abuse as felonies. Most states’ animal cruelty statutes contain provisions that address the minimum standards of care for an animal. Definitions of terms such as adequate food, water, shelter and veterinary care are also included in these provisions. 

6) https://definitions.uslegal.com/a/animal-neglect/

Roaming-

A free-roaming cat is defined as a cat living outdoors at least part of the time. This may be a pet cat that is allowed to spend time outdoors, a lost or abandoned owned cat, a tame un-owned cat, or a feral cat.

7) https://vet.osu.edu/attitudes-and-perceptions-towards-free-roaming-cats

Socialization-

Socialization is the process during which the kitten develops relationships with other living beings in its environment.

5) https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-

pet/socialization-and-fear-prevention-in-kittens

The earliest stages of feline development are as follows: 

prenatal; n

neonatal, from birth to 2 weeks; 

transitional, from 2-3 weeks; 

socialization, from 3-7 weeks. 

Human contact and handling are important at 3-9 weeks. 

Social play peaks at 9-14 weeks.

The juvenile period lasts from 7 weeks to sexual maturity at 4-10 months,

Cats reach social maturity at 36-48 months. 

the adult period lasts from sexual maturity to death. 

Cognitive decline occurs during the senior period.

2) https://www.avma.org/javma-news/2017-12-15/feline-

development-kitten-kindergarten-onward

Stray- 

Stray cats are socialized to humans – in most cases they were once pets who have either become lost or were, unfortunately, abandoned,

3) http://www.fureverhomeadoptioncenter.com/furever-home-

blog/stray-vs-feral-cats-what-you-need-to-know

Sustainable-

Sustainability is a holistic approach that considers ecological, social and economic dimensions, recognizing that all must be considered together to find lasting prosperity.

10) https://www.mcgill.ca/sustainability/files/sustainability/what-is-sustainability.pdf

Welfare- 

An animal is in a good state of welfare if (as indicated by scientific evidence) it is healthy, comfortable, well-nourished, safe, able to express innate behavior, and if it is not suffering from unpleasant states such as pain, fear, and distress. Good animal welfare requires disease prevention and veterinary treatment, appropriate shelter, management, nutrition, humane handling, and humane slaughter. Animal welfare refers to the state of the animal; the treatment that an animal receives is covered by other terms such as animal care, animal husbandry, and humane treatment.1 Protecting an animal’s welfare means providing for its physical and mental needs.

  1. https://www.avma.org/resources/animal-health-welfare/animal-welfare-what-it

Wild-

Scientists learn about the genetics of domestication by assessing what parts of the genome are altered as a result of animals living with humans. The research team lead by Washington University compared the genomes of domestic cats to wild cats to look for specific areas of the domestic cat genome that experienced rapid changes.

They discovered that compared to wildcats, housecats have more mutations on genes involved in mediating aggressive behavior, forming memories, and controlling the ability to learn from either fear or reward-based stimuli. The cats with domestication-friendly gene mutations mated and passed those traits down from parent to kitten until there was a good-sized population of less aggressive cats.

11) https://www.huffpost.com/entry/the-difference-between-ho_b_13436022

Zoonotic-

Zoonotic diseases are defined as being common to, shared by, or naturally transmitted between humans and other vertebrate animals. Humans are infected with zoonotic agents from direct contact with the infected animals, contact via contaminated food or water, from shared vectors, and from the shared environment. Direct contact with cat feces (enteric zoonoses), respiratory secretions, urogenital secretions, or infected skin and exudates, as well as bites and scratches can result in human infections.  

18). https://www.vin.com/apputil/content/ defaultadv1.aspx?pId=11181&catId=30088&id=3852234

Sources:

1) https://www.avma.org/resources/animal-health-welfare/animal-welfare-what-it

2) https://www.avma.org/javma-news/2017-12-15/feline-

Development-kitten-kindergarten-onward

3) http://www.fureverhomeadoptioncenter.com/furever-home-

blog/stray-vs-feral-cats-what-you-need-to-know

4) https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23966002/#:~:text=

PROPOSED%20DEFINITION%3A%20A%20feral%20cat,defensive%20behaviour%20on%20human%20contact.

5) https://vcahospitals.com/know-your-

pet/socialization-and-fear-prevention-in-kittens

6) https://definitions.uslegal.com/a/animal-neglect/

7) https://vet.osu.edu/attitudes-and-perceptions-towards-free-roaming-cats

8) https://www.dictionary.com/browse/compassion

9) https://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/introduction/intro_1.shtml

10) https://www.mcgill.ca/sustainability/files/sustainability/what-is-sustainability.pdf

11) https://www.huffpost.com/entry/the-difference-between-ho_b_13436022

12) https://www.merriam-webster.com/thesaurus

13) https://books.google.com/books?id=wWkpDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT132&lpg=

PT132&dq=number+of+cats+and+Adams+Morgan+neighborhood+of+Washington,+DC.

&source=bl&ots=ClvkeuF05J&sig=ACfU3U3IKMWdLMnYE83kcfWShAuj4Zo5rw&hl=en

&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi166m1467xAhWQwJ4KHWS4AKYQ6AEwG3oECBMQAw#v=on

epage&q=number%20of%20cats%20and%20Adams%20Morgan%20neighborhood%20

of%20Washington%2C%20DC.&f=false

14). https://www.charitywatch.org/charity-donating-articles/

cat-charity-criticized-for-straying-from-good-governance-practices

15).  https://www.alleycat.org/about/history/#:~:text=

Our%20roots%20go%20back%20to,them%20to%20their%20outdoor%20homes.

16). https://www.phillyvoice.com/meet-the-people-who-care-for-

100-boardwalk-cats-at-jersey-shore/

17). https://www.lifewithcats.tv/2012/10/31/

returning-to-the-boardwalk-atlantic-city-cats-post-sandy/

18). https://www.vin.com/apputil/content/ defaultadv1.aspx?pId=11181&catId=30088&id=3852234

19). https://www.vin.com/apputil/content/defaultadv1.aspx?pId=11181&

catId=30088&id=3852234

20). https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/18/12/12-0664-t1

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